The US EPA's AQUATOX model simulates fate and effects of
pollutants in aquatic systems.
SPEAR: SPEAR (Species At Risk) is a bioindicator system based on biological traits
and focused on various types of contaminants in fresh waters. Developed at UFZ Leipzig, by the Department of System Ecotoxicology.
DEB: The Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) theory aims to identify simple
quantitative rules for the organization of metabolism of individual organisms that can be understood from basic first principles.Developed at the Free University of Amsterdam, by the
Department of Theoretical Biology.
DEBtox: The mission of DEBtox is to simplify biology to get to the essence of what toxicants (and other
stresses) are actually doing to organisms. Developed at the Free University of Amsterdam, by the Department of Theoretical